Open Accessibility Menu

Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS)

Myelodysplastic syndromes, or MDS, is a group of diseases in which the bone marrow does not make enough healthy blood cells. Also called preleukemia and smoldering leukemia. When you have MDS, your bone marrow doesn’t totally stop working, it still makes blood cells. It makes fewer cells, and the cells it does make don’t always work right.

The cause of MDS is unknown in about 70-80 out of 100 people who have it. In the other 20-30 people who have MDS, it may be caused by treatment for another disease. MDS is more common in smokers and is more common in people who have spent time around or worked with chemicals like benzene. It is also more common in those 60 years or older and is rare in young people.

Some of the symptoms of MDS are fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, bruising easily, bleeding for no reason, and frequent infections. Symptoms of MDS can be managed by blood transfusions, antibiotics to help or control infection and growth factors that help healthy or normal cells make more cells.

Tests that are done to determine if you have MDS are blood tests and bone marrow biopsy. Once diagnosis is confirmed the doctor will go over treatment options with you. Options for treatment may consist of demethylating agents to help bone marrow make blood cells normally, immunosuppressive drug therapy to help make blood cells more slowly, chemotherapy, bone marrow transplant, and/or stem cell transplant. A treatment plan that is best for you will be decided upon by you and your healthcare team.

Related Providers
What Our Patients Have to Say
  • "My wife (Gerie Helton) and I traveled to Cody for our anniversary trip to Yellowstone National Park. On September 23, 2018 which would have been the first day of our trip she dislocated her left hip ( which had been replaced in 2009 0r 2010) while putting on her socks ( of all things.) We were staying at the Sunrise Motor Inn which fortunately was a short ambulance ride to your emergency room. The experience we had beginning with the EMT's who responded to the ambulance call, to the emergency room, and the next day on the second floor of your fine hospital is what ..."

    - Terry
  • "ER department went to great lengths to make this "out of towner" feel comfortable. Dr. Polley and Nurse Sarah were very professional and had a great bedside manner. It was my worst asthma attack and I felt very confident that I was getting top notch care."

    - Kelly
  • "Had to bring my daughter for a shoulder injury, on July 4th. I was thoroughly impressed. The staff was absolutely great, very friendly and compassionate. They took great care of my daughter and explained the diagnosis and discharge orders with great detail. I only wish our ER back home could be this professional. I know this is a smaller town and more tight knit, but this hospital/ER could set an example for the rest of the country. Thanks to the staff, physician and PA for the excellent care."

    - Chris
  • "I was a walk in patient on 5/29/18. I had been sick for several days while on a month long motorhome trip. The reception staff was friendly and efficient. I was seen quickly by the PA on duty, Robert Lang. He listened to me, did an exam, diagnosed my illness as acute bronchitis, and prescribed the necessary medication. I was feeling better in just a few days which enabled me to enjoy the remainder of my trip. I was sick and a long way from home so I really appreciated the excellent and friendly care that I received."

    - Bill